Admitting privileges for abortionists, urges OBGYN

An OB/GYN who has treated women after botched abortions believes that abortionists should have admitting privileges

“James Linn, an obstetrician and gynecologist at Columbia St. Mary’s, testified that he was called in to assist with an emergency operation about 10 years ago for a woman who was brought to his hospital from Affiliated.

He said he did not believe the doctor who provided the abortion appropriately followed up with the patient and thought that doctor should have been referred to the state Medical Examining Board for “basically abandoning a patient.”

“The doctor never really called to check on the patient, which I found appalling,” he testified.

The woman was bleeding and going into shock and ultimately required a hysterectomy.

If doctors who perform abortions were required to have hospital admitting privileges, “I don’t think it would be as likely patients would be abandoned,” he testified. “There would be a way to track if someone was having an inordinate number of complications.”

Patrick Marley “Admitting privileges hold abortion doctors accountable, physician says” Milwaukee-Wisconsin Journal-Sentinel May 28, 2014

See original article here.

admitting privileges

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In abortion, younger patients are more likely to have complications

J Bulfin M.D., OB.-GYN  and researcher, said the following in The Observer, Oct.-Nov., 1975.

“The younger the patient, the greater the gestation, the higher the complication rate…Some of the most catastrophic complications occur in teenagers.”

His quote shows that although abortion was legal in 1975, it was not safe. Legalizing abortion did not make abortion complications go away.

Quoted in “ABORTION A Briefing Book For Canadian Legislators” Campaign Life Coalition NATIONAL PUBLIC AFFAIRS OFFICE July 2002

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55 of 70 studies show link between breast cancer and abortion

Dr. Angela Lanfranchi, president of the Breast Cancer Prevention Institute, reported at a National Press Club media briefing that

“there are 70 published studies examining the risk of induced abortion and breast cancer of which 55 show a positive correlation and 33 are statistically significant.”

“Epidemiologic Studies: Induced Abortion and Breast Cancer Risk, updated September 2012,” Breast Cancer Prevention Institute

Lanfgranchi also says:

“The overwhelming evidence from worldwide epidemiologic studies shows that abortion is a cause for breast cancer.”

Dr. Angela Lanfranchi In “Abortion as a Cause of Breast Cancer” presentation at National Press Club, December 4th 2012

Quoted in Brian E Fisher Abortion: The Ultimate Exploitation of Women (Frisco, Texas: Online for Life, 2013) Kindle edition

 

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Women and Abortion Regret

All women are unique, and there are many different reactions to abortion, but many women do suffer from grief and guilt.

Sometimes these feelings surface right away. At other times, regret and grief can be triggered many years later. Some common triggering events are a subsequent pregnancy, a friend or family members pregnancy or birth experience, an inability to have children when the woman wants them, a change in religious beliefs or ideology, or learning information about the unborn baby.

In an article defending abortion, feminist Joyce Arthur said the following:

“I… believe abortion is a positive moral good and a blessing for women. It’s an act that empowers them, literally saves their lives, saves their existing or future children’s lives, protects and improves their health and that of their families, gives women back their chosen lives, enables them to pursue their career and educational aspirations, improves their economic prospects, allows them to better themselves, gives them a level playing field in the public sphere with men, and enables them to truly attain and exercise liberty and other constitutional freedoms.” (1)

Is this an accurate portrayal of abortion? Do the women choosing it feel blessed, and does the experience enrich their lives? Is abortion good for women?
Many pro-choice groups seem to think so. Planned Parenthood discusses the possibility of women suffering after abortions on its website:

Q. My friend and I were arguing about abortion, and she said she heard that millions of women who have had abortions suffer from something called “post-abortion syndrome,” which she says is just like post-traumatic stress syndrome. Is that true?

A. No, it’s not true. Despite overwhelming scientific evidence to the contrary, anti-choice organizations continue to spread the false idea that it is common for abortion to have severe, emotionally negative effects…The anti-choice studies that claim to prove its existence are very flawed.” (2)

Planned Parenthood dismisses the studies that have shown abortion’s link to psychological problems (see articles under “Women’s Health” for more information on these studies.)

An overview of two:

In one five-year study, 25% of women who had abortion sought out psychiatric care later, as opposed to only 3% of women who did not have abortions.(3)

Another study determined that psychiatric disorders were 40% more common among aborting women than those who had not had an abortion.(4)

Do women regret their abortions? Many women who have come out in public saying that they do have become involved in pro-life groups or activities.

Faced with these studies, pro-choice groups conduct studies of their own which show that women feel mostly relief after abortions. Randy Alcorn, author of Pro-Life Answers to Pro-Choice Arguments (Mulnomah

Publishers: Oregon, 2000) cites two experts:

David Reardon, author of Aborted Women: Silent No More:

“A woman that a six-month post-abortion survey declares “well-adjusted” may experience severe trauma on the anniversary of the abortion date, or even many years later. This fact is attested to in psychiatric textbooks which affirm that…”the psychiatrist frequently hears expressions of remorse and guilt concerning abortions that occurred twenty or more years earlier.”

In one study, the number of women who expressed “serious self-reproach” increased fivefold over the period of time covered by the study.”(5)

Former Surgeon-General C. Everett Koop:

“A woman had a pregnancy at about 38 or 39. Her kids were teenagers. And without letting either her family or her husband know, she had an abortion. At that moment, she said, “[the abortion was] the best thing that ever happened to me- clean slate, no one knows, I am fine.” Ten years later, she had a psychiatric break when one of those teenage daughters who had grown up, got married, gotten pregnant, delivered a baby, and presented it to her grandmother…Unless you studied that one for ten years, you would say “perfectly fine result of an abortion.” (15)

In addition, James Rogers, who carefully examined over 400 published studies said that the studies showing few emotional effects after abortion were:

” [of] poor methodology research design” and “grossly substandard power characteristics.” He concluded that: “The question of psychological sequelae of abortion is not closed.”(16)

A Canadian study polled a group of women who had previously completed a questionnaire in which they denied having problems from their abortions.

One half of the group returned to be interviewed in depth:

“What emerged from psychotherapy was in sharp contrast [to the questionnaires], even when the women had rationally considered abortion to be inevitable, the only course of action…[They expressed feelings of] invariably of intense pain, involving bereavement and a sense of identification with the fetus.”(6)

One way to see how common distress after an abortion is is to take notice of the many, many support groups and ministries have sprung up to help women cope. Simply do a Google search of “Post Abortion Help” or “PASS” i.e. Post Abortion Stress Syndrome, as some have called it, and you will see hundreds of places offering help.

These groups would not exist, and would not be full of women, if there was no reason for them.
One more thing to consider- Perhaps the only person in this country who is an experienced abortionist AND ALSO a practicing psychiatrist has this to say:

“I’ve had patients who had abortions a year or two ago- women who did the best thing at the time for themselves- but it still bothers them. Many come in- some are just mute, some hostile, some burst out crying…There is no question in my mind that we are disturbing a life process. The trauma may sink into the unconscious and never surface in the woman’s lifetime….But a psychological price is paid. It may be alienation, it may be pushing away from human warmth, perhaps a hardening of the maternal instinct. Something happens on the deeper levels of a woman’s consciousness when she destroys a pregnancy. I know that as a psychiatrist.”(7)

Washington abortonist Julius Fogel, who has done over 20,000 abortions
In addition, a number of counselors have talked about the prevalence of abortion regrets among women who seek their services. For example, Meta Buchtman, director of Suicide Anonymous in Cincinnati, said that of roughly 4000 women who called over a certain period, nearly half previously had an abortion. Of the 1800 who had abortions, 1400 were between ages 15 and 24.(8)

According to online counselor Georgette Forney:

“Alot of younger girls… they’ve had an abortion on Saturday and they are looking for online help on Monday. They are starting to shut down emotionally and they can’t go to school. As a 16-year-old, you are not prepared to have yourself violated like that. The trauma totally freaks you out.”(9)

Further studies on abortion and mental health have found women who have had abortions have:

— 6-7 times higher suicide rate(10)
— Up to 60% have suicidal thoughts(11)
— 154% higher risk of suicide(12)
— Teen girls who had abortions are 10x more likely to commit suicide than those who haven’t(13)
— 65% higher risk of clinical depression. A longitudinal study of American women revealed that those who aborted were 65% more likely to be at risk of long-term clinical depression after controlling for age, race, education, marital status, history of divorce, income, and prior psychiatric state.(14)

Elsewhere in this section, you will read about women who have had abortions and how it has affected them.

For stories of women who regret their abortions go here.

For other studies on the emotional aftereffects of abortion, go here.

Notes

1. Joyce Arthur, Pro-Choice feminist, Open Letter to William Saletan. “Your’s is a “War” We Cannot Support” January 29, 2006. See http://www.prochoiceactionnetwork-canada.org/articles/arthur-saletan.shtml

2. “Ask Dr Cullins” Planned Parenthood’s Website, updated 7/25/07 at http://ppmnj.com/health-topics/ask-dr-cullins/ask-dr-cullins-abortion-5519.htm

3. Cited in “Report on the Committee on the Operation of the Abortion Law” Ottawa, Canada, 1977, p 20-1

4. Ibid.

5. David Reardon Aborted Women: Silent No More Westchester, Ill.:Crossway Books, 1987) 116

6. “Exclusive Interview: C. Everett Koop,” 31

7. Quoted by Kathleen Kelly “PAS Professionals” and “Sorrow’s Reward” The Wanderer, April 13, 1989, p 2. 8.Valerie Meehan “Hidden Pain: Silent No More” The American Feminist, Winter 2002 to 2003

9. Ibid.

10. Gissler, Hemminki & Lonnqvist, “Suicides after pregnancy in Finland, 1987-94: register linkage study,” British Journal of Medicine 313:1431-4, 1996; and M. Gissler, “Injury deaths, suicides and homicides associated with pregnancy, Finland 1987-2000,” European J. Public Health 15(5):459 63,2005.

11. D. Reardon, Aborted Women, Silent No More (Springfield, IL: Acorn Books, 2002).

12. DC Reardon et. al., “Deaths Associated With Pregnancy Outcome: A Record Linkage Study of Low Income Women,” Southern Medical Journal 95(8):834-41, Aug. 2002.

13. B. Garfinkel, et al., “Stress, Depression and Suicide: A Study of Adolescents in Minnesota,” Responding to High Risk Youth (University of Minnesota: Minnesota Extension Service, 1986); M. Gissler, et. al., “Suicides After Pregnancy in Finland: 1987-94: register linkage study,” British Medical Journal, 313: 1431-1434, 1996; and N. Campbell, et. al., “Abortion in Adolescence,” Adolescence, 23:813-823, 1988. See the “Teen Abortion Risks” Fact Sheet at www.unfairchoice.info/resources.htm for more information.

14. JR Cougle, DC Reardon & PK Coleman, “Depression Associated With Abortion and Childbirth: A Long-Term Analysis of the NLSY Cohort,” Medical Science Monitor 9(4):CR105-112, 2003.

15. I.Kent et al. “Emotional Sequelae Of Elective Abortion” British college of Med. Journal., Volume 20, number 4, April 1978. I. Kent “Abortion Has Profound Impact” Family Practice News, June 1980 page 80

16.J. Rogers et al., “Validity of Existing Control Studies Examining the Psychological Sequelae of Abortion” Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, volume 39, number 1, March 1987 PP. 20 to 29

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Abortion and Childbirth: the Risks

Abortion advocates, relying on inaccurate maternal death data in the United States, routinely claim that a woman’s risk of dying from childbirth is six, ten, or even twelve times higher than the risk of death from abortion.

In contrast, abortion critics have long contended that the statistics relied upon for maternal mortality calculations have been distorted and that the broader claim that “abortion is many times safer than childbirth” completely ignores high rates of other physical and psychological complications associated with abortion. Now a recent, unimpeachable study of pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland has shown that the risk of dying within a year after an abortion is several times higher than the risk of dying after miscarriage or childbirth.(1)

This well-designed record-based study is from STAKES, the statistical analysis unit of Finland’s National Research and Development Center for Welfare and Health. In an effort to evaluate the accuracy of maternal death reports, STAKES researchers pulled the death certificate records for all the women of reproductive age (15-49) who died between 1987 and 1994–a total of 9,192 women. They then culled through the national health care data base to identify any pregnancy-related events for each of these women in the 12 months prior to their deaths.

Since Finland has socialized medical care, these records are very accurate and complete. In this fashion, the STAKES researchers identified 281 women who had died within a year of their last pregnancy. The unadjusted mortality rate per 100,000 cases was 27 for women who had given birth, 48 for women who had miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies, and 101 for women who had abortions

The researchers then calculated the age-adjusted odds ratio of death, using the death rate of women who had not been pregnant as the standard equal to one. Table 1 shows that the age-adjusted odds ratio of women dying in the year they give birth as being half that of women who are not pregnant, whereas women who have abortions are 76 percent more likely to die in the year following abortion compared to non-pregnant women. Compared to women who carry to term, women who abort are 3.5 times more likely to die within a year.

Such figures are always subject to statistical variation from year to year, country to country, study to study. For this reason, the researchers also reported what is known as “95 percent confidence intervals.” This means that the available data indicates that 95 percent of all similar studies would report a finding within a specified range around the actual reported figure.

For example, the .50 odds ratio for childbirth has a confidence interval of .32 to .78. In other words, it is probable that 95 percent of the time, the odds ratio of death following childbirth will be found to be between 32 percent and 78 percent of the non-pregnant woman rate. The 95 percent confidence interval for the odds ratio of death following abortion was reported to be 1.27 to 2.42 of the annual rate for non-pregnant women.

STAKES had previously reported that the risk of death from suicide within the year of an abortion was more than seven times higher than the risk of suicide within a year of childbirth.(2) Two of these suicides were also connected with infanticide. Examples of post-abortion suicide/infanticide attempts have also been documented in the United States.(3)

The same finding was reported in STAKES’ more recent study. Among the 281 women who died within a year of their last pregnancy, 77 (27 percent) had committed suicide. Figure 2 shows the age-adjusted odds ratio for suicide for the three pregnancy groups compared to the “no pregnancy” control group.

Notably, the risk of suicide following a birth was about half that of the general population of women. This finding is consistent with previous studies that have shown that an undisturbed pregnancy actually reduces the risk of suicide.(4)

Abortion, on the other hand, is clearly linked to a dramatic increase in suicide risk. This statistical finding is corroborated by interview-based studies which have consistently shown extraordinarily high levels of suicidal ideation (30-55 percent) and reports of suicide attempts (7-30 percent) among women who have had an abortion.(5) In many of these studies, the women interviewed have explicitly described the abortion as the cause of their suicidal impulses.

The original publication of the STAKES suicide data prompted researchers at the South Glamorgan (population 408,000) Health Authority in Great Britain to examine their own data on admissions for suicide attempts both before and after pregnancy events. They found that among those who aborted, there was a shift from a roughly “normal” suicide attempt rate before the abortion to a significantly higher suicide attempt rate after the abortion. After their pregnancies, there were 8.1 suicide attempts per thousand women among those who had abortions, compared to only 1.9 suicide attempts among those who gave birth. The higher rate of suicide attempts subsequent to abortion was particularly evident among women under 30 years of age.

As in the STAKES sample, birth was associated with a significantly lower risk of suicide attempts. The South Glamorgan researchers concluded that their data did not support the view that suicide after an abortion was predicated on prior poor mental health, at least as measured by prior suicide attempts. Instead, “the increased risk of suicide after an induced abortion may therefore be a consequence of the procedure itself.”(6)

Interpretation of these statistical studies is aided by numerous publications describing individual cases of completed suicide following abortion.(7) In many cases, the attempted or completed suicides have been intentionally or subconsciously timed to coincide with the anniversary date of the abortion or the expected due date of the aborted child.(8) Suicide attempts among male partners following abortion have also been reported.(9)

Teens are generally at higher risk for both suicide and abortion. In a survey of teenaged girls, researchers at the University of Minnesota found that the rate of attempted suicide in the six months prior to the study increased ten fold–from 0.4 percent for girls who had not aborted during that time period to 4 percent for teens who had aborted in the previous six months.(10) Other studies also suggest that the risk of suicide after an abortion may be higher for women with a prior history of psychological disturbances or suicidal tendencies.(11)

It is also worth noting the suicide rate among women in China is the highest in the world. Indeed, 56 percent of all female suicides occur in China, mostly among young rural women.(12) It is also the only country where more women die from suicide than men. For women under 45, the suicide rate is twice as high as that of Chinese men. Government officials are reported to be at a loss for an explanation.
Traditionally, Chinese families placed a high value on large families, especially in rural communities. But after the death of Mao Tse-Tung, who also valued large families, China instituted its brutal one child policy. This population control effort, encouraged by governments and family planning organizations from the West, has required the widespread use of abortion–including forced abortion–and infanticide, especially of female babies. Given the known link between abortion and suicide, can there be any doubt that maternally-oriented Chinese women who are coerced by their families and communities to participate in these atrocities are more likely to commit suicide?

Deaths from Risk-Taking Behavior

In this most recent study from Finland, the STAKES researchers also reported that the risk of death from accidents was over four times higher for women who had aborted in the year prior to their deaths than for women who had carried to term. Of the 281 women who died within a year of their last pregnancy, 57 (20 percent) died from injuries attributed to accidents

In a study of government-funded medical programs in Canada, researchers found that women who had undergone an abortion in the previous year were treated for mental disorders 41 percent more often than postpartum women, and 25 percent more often for injuries or conditions resulting from violence.(13)

Similarly, a study of Medicaid payments in Virginia found that women who had state-funded abortions had 62 percent more subsequent mental health claims (resulting in 43 percent higher costs) and 12 percent more claims for treatments related to accidents (resulting in 52 percent higher costs) compared to a case matched sample of women covered by Medicaid who had not had a state-funded abortion.(14)

It is quite likely that some of these deaths which were classified as accidental may have in fact been suicides. Reports of post-abortive women deliberately crashing their automobiles, often in a drunken state, in an attempt to kill themselves have been reported by both post-abortion counselors and in the published literature.(15)

It is also likely that many of these deaths are simply related to heightened risk-taking behavior among post-abortive women. This may occur simply because some women care less whether they live or die after an abortion. Other women may seek to “self-medicate” a sense of depression with the adrenalin rush that often comes with taking risks. In addition, heavier drinking and substance abuse are well-documented aftereffects of abortion, both of which increase a person’s risk of fatal accidents.(16)

The STAKES study of pregnancy-associated deaths is beyond reproach. It is a record-based study in a country with centralized medical records. While a small number of women who died during the period investigated may have had births or abortions outside of Finland which would not have been identified in the records, there is no reason to believe these few cases would have altered these dramatic findings.

Clearly, the odds of a woman dying within a year of having an abortion are significantly higher than for women who carry to term or have a natural miscarriage. This holds true both for deaths from natural causes and deaths from suicide, accidents, or homicide. In addition, the study underscores the difficulty in reliably defining and identifying maternal deaths. Only 22 percent of the death certificates examined had any mention of the woman’s recent pregnancy.

Unfortunately, there is often no clear way of determining when there is any causal connection between a death and a previous pregnancy, birth, miscarriage, or abortion. According to the lead author of the STAKES study, Mika Gissler, in maternal health reports throughout the world, “[t]here is no consensus concerning which cases should be included as maternal deaths. Problematic are, for example, some cancers, stroke, asthma, liver cirrhosis, pneumonia with influenza, anorexia nervosa, and many violent deaths, such as suicide, homicide, and accidents.”(21)

By stepping back from a predefined notion of what constitutes a pregnancy-related death, the STAKES team has shown that deaths among women following a pregnancy cannot easily be tracked when a study is based purely on short-term post-operative recovery. This is particularly true following an abortion. Maternal deaths after an abortion are seldom identified as such unless the death occurs on the operating table, if even then (see accompanying article on page 5). By examining all death certificates and all pregnancy events in the prior year, the STAKES team avoided the basic problem of pre-defining what deaths will be included or excluded in maternal mortality reports.

Even this study, however, has shortcomings. The most obvious limitation is that the researchers examined only a single year of the reproductive history of women who had died during the study period. Since suicide attempts are often associated with the anniversary date of the abortion, some portion of deaths from suicide or accidents that occurred slightly over one year after a prior abortion were probably missed.

As seen in Figure 6, the distribution of suicides by month following the pregnancy event indicate an increased level of suicides at seven to ten months following an abortion. This may correspond to a negative anniversary reaction related to the expected due date of the aborted child. A similar spike is seen among women who had miscarriages, though it peaks a couple of months earlier, perhaps because the miscarriages generally occurred further along in gestation than the abortions.

Another disadvantage of the one-year limit on the STAKES data set is that it does not reveal how long the protective effect of birth extends, or conversely, how long the odds ratio of death for those who abort remains elevated. A study spanning a longer period of time would be needed to identify these longer term effects.

Finally, the STAKES study does not shed any light on whether or not women who died from suicide or risk-taking behavior after an abortion were already self-destructive before their abortions. It is probable that many were. Women with a propensity for risk-taking would be more likely to become pregnant and perhaps more likely to choose abortion. In such cases, while abortion may not be the underlying cause of their problems, it probably contributed to their psychological deterioration and was a contributing cause of their death.

On the other hand, it is also clear from other studies that many women who were not previously self-destructive become so as a direct result of their traumatic abortion experience. Whether this latter group represents a major or minor portion of those who died in the STAKES sample is unknown.

Additional insights could be gained by looking back over several more years of the women’s medical records. It is likely that prior suicide attempts, a high incidence of treatment for accidents, prior psychological treatments, and other prior pregnancy losses would all be associated with an increased risk of subsequent death by suicide, homicide, or accident.

Abortion advocates will naturally argue that abortion did not “cause” any of these deaths, but rather that these women were simply self-destructive or ill beforehand and would have died anyway. This is a flimsy argument, since clearly this same data shows that giving birth has a protective effect. Even women who committed suicide after giving birth waited until after their children were born to take their own lives.

It is quite probable that the best way to help a self-destructive woman to change her life, and value her own life, is to encourage her to cherish the life of her unborn child. Conversely, it is clear that aiding and encouraging a self-destructive woman to undergo an abortion is likely to aggravate her self-destructive tendencies.

These findings underscore the importance of holding abortion clinics liable for screening women who are seeking an abortion for a history of suicide, self-destructive behavior, and psychological instability. The failure to screen for these risk factors is clearly gross negligence. In addition, when abortion clinic counselors falsely reassure women that abortion is safer than childbirth, they should be held accountable for false and deceptive business practices.

________________________________________

Originally printed in The Post-Abortion Review, 8(2), April-June 2000. Copyright 2000, Elliot Institute.

Notes

1. Gissler, M., et. al., “Pregnancy-associated deaths in Finland 1987-1994 — definition problems and benefits of record linkage,” Acta Obsetricia et Gynecolgica Scandinavica 76:651-657 (1997).
2. Mika Gissler, Elina Hemminki, Jouko Lonnqvist, “Suicides after pregnancy in Finland: 1987-94: register linkage study” British Medical Journal 313:1431-4, 1996.
3. McFadden, A., “The Link Between Abortion and Child Abuse,” Family Resources Center News (January 1998) 20.
4. S. J. Drower, & E. S. Nash, “Therapeutic Abortion on Psychiatric Grounds,” South African Medical Journal 54:604-608, Oct. 7, 1978; B. Jansson, Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia 41:87, 1965.
5. David Reardon, “Psychological Reactions Reported After Abortion,” The Post-Abortion Review, 2(3):4-8, Fall 1994; Anne C. Speckhard, The Psychological Aspects of Stress Following Abortion (Kansas City: Sheed & Ward, 1987); Vincent Rue, “Traumagenic Aspects of Elective Abortion: Preliminary Findings from an International Study” Healing Visions Conference, June 22, 1996
6. Christopher L. Morgan, et. al., “Mental health may deteriorate as a direct effect of induced abortion,” letters section, BMJ 314:902, 22 March, 1997.
7. E. Joanne Angelo, Psychiatric Sequelae of Abortion: The Many Faces of Post-Abortion Grief,” Linacre Quarterly 59:69-80, May 1992; David Grimes, “Second-Trimester Abortions in the United States, Family Planning Perspectives 16(6):260; Myre Sim and Robert Neisser, “Post-Abortive Psychoses,” The Psychological Aspects of Abortion, ed. D. Mall and W.F. Watts, (Washington D.C.: University Publications of America, 1979).
8. Carl Tischler, “Adolescent Suicide Attempts Following Elective Abortion,” Pediatrics 68(5):670, 1981.
9. “Psychopathological Effects of Voluntary Termination of Pregnancy on the Father Called Up for Military Service,” Psychologie Medicale 14(8):1187-1189, June 1982; Angelo, op. cit.
10. B. Garfinkle, H. Hoberman, J. Parsons and J. Walker, “Stress, Depression and Suicide: A Study of Adolescents in Minnesota” (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Extension Service, 1986)
11. Esther R. Greenglass, “Therapeutic Abortion and Psychiatric Disturbance in Canadian Women,” Canadian Psychiatric Association Journal, 21(7):453-460, 1976; Helen Houston & Lionel Jacobson, “Overdose and Termination of Pregnancy: An Important Association?” British Journal of General Practice, 46:737-738, 1996.
12. Elizabeth Rosenthal, “Women’s Suicides Reveal China’s Bitter Roots: Nation Starts to Confront World’s Highest Rate,” The New York Times, Sunday January 24, 1999, p. 1, 8.
13. R.F. Badgley, D.F. Caron, M.G. Powell, Report of the Committee on the Abortion Law, Minister of Supply and Services, Ottawa, 1977:313-319.
14. Jeff Nelson,”Data Request from Delegate Marshall” Interagency Memorandum, Virginia Department of Medical Assistance Services, Mar. 21, 1997.
15. Carl Tischler, “Adolescent Suicide Attempts Following Elective Abortion,” Pediatrics 68(5):670, 1981; E. Joanne Angelo, Psychiatric Sequelae of Abortion: The Many Faces of Post-Abortion Grief,” Linacre Quarterly 59:69-80, May 1992.
16. D.C. Reardon and P.G. Ney, “Abortion and Subsequent Substance Abuse” Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 26(1):61-75.
17. David Reardon, “Psychological Reactions Reported After Abortion,” The Post-Abortion Review, 2(3):4-8, Fall 1994
18. Personal communication with Mika Gissler, March 8, 2000.
19. D. Berkeley, P.L. Humphreys, and D. Davidson, “Demands Made on General Practice by Women Before and After an Abortion,” J. R. Coll. Gen. Pract. 34:310-315, 1984.
20. Philip G. Ney, Tak Fung, Adele Rose Wickett and Carol Beaman-Dodd, “The Effects of Pregnancy Loss on Women’s Health,” Soc. Sci. Med. 48(9):1193-1200, 1994.
21. Gissler, et.al. (1997) 652.

 

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Study Shows Abortion Takes Toll on Adolescent Mental Health

By Peter J. Smith

WASHINGTON, August 18, 2006 (LifeSiteNews.com) Adolescent women experience far graver risks of mental and emotional health problems from abortion than they do by carrying their “unintended pregnancies” to term according to a new US study. The study, published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescents, proves without a doubt that abortion – not the “unintended pregnancy” – causes severe mental health problems in young women.

The research conducted by Dr. Priscilla Coleman, a research psychologist at Bowling Green State University, evaluated adolescent women with “unintended pregnancies” and discovered in her findings that those adolescents who aborted their unintended pregnancies were fives times more likely to seek help for psychological and emotional problems afterwards than those adolescent women who carried their pregnancies to term. Dr. Coleman also found that adolescents who had abortions were subsequently more than three times more likely to experience trouble sleeping, and nine times more likely to report marijuana use after their abortions.

In the federally funded study, adolescents participated in two series of interviews in 1995 and 1996. Nearly 76 percent of girls who had abortions and 80 percent of girls who gave birth fell between the ages of 15 and 19 during the survey; the remainder being 14 and younger.
In her report, Dr. Coleman stated, “When women feel forced into abortion by others or by life circumstances, negative post-abortion outcomes become more common.” She added, “Adolescents are generally much less prepared to assume the responsibility of parenthood and are logically the recipients of pressure to abort.”

“The scientific evidence is now strong and compelling,” Coleman concluded. “Abortion poses more risks to women than giving birth.”

The uniqueness of the Dr. Coleman’s study, however, hinges on her exclusive evaluation of adolescent women with “unintended pregnancies”. Abortion advocates have dismissed previous studies on the detrimental effects of abortion on women’s health, claiming instead that those studies could not prove that the serious psychological harm was done by the unintended pregnancy rather than the subsequent abortion.

Dr. David Reardon, a researcher with the Elliot Institute, has also contributed to more than a dozen studies examining psychological outcomes after abortion, affirmed the importance of the “wantedness” of pregnancies in Dr. Coleman’s distinctive study.

“Over the last six years, numerous studies have conclusively linked higher rates of mental illness and behavioral problems associated with abortion compared to childbirth.” said Reardon. “But abortion advocates have generally dismissed these findings, insisting that while women who abort may fare worse than women who give birth to planned children, they may fare better than the important subgroup of women who carry unintended pregnancies to term. Coleman’s study addresses this argument and shows that the facts don’t support abortion advocates’ speculations.”
According to the Alan Guttmacher Institute, which tracks US abortion statistics, every year nearly a quarter of all abortions are performed on girls less than 20 years old.

The study serves to reinforce the warnings of pro-life advocates about the psychological toll abortion is taking on women worldwide.

In a press release, Family Life International spokesman Brendan Malone warned, “If we don’t take urgent action on this issue then we will have to deal with some very serious and costly social and psychological health problems in the coming years.”

******
This article is reprinted from http://www.LifeSiteNews.com in accordance with their reprint policy.

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Abortion Increases Women’s Mental Health Problems: New Study

DUNEDIN, New Zealand, December 1, 2008 (LifeSiteNews.com) – Women who have an abortion face a 30% increase in the risk of developing common mental health problems such as depression and anxiety, according to a new study from the University of Otago, Christchurch.

The study, led by Dr. David Fergusson and funded by the Health Research Council of New Zealand, was published in the December issue of the British Journal of Psychiatry.

The conditions most associated with abortion included anxiety disorders and substance use. In contrast, none of the other pregnancy outcomes was consistently related to significantly increased risks of mental health problems.

The researchers estimated that exposure to abortion accounted for between 1.5% and 5.5% of mental disorders in the general population. The research findings could have implications for the legal status of abortion in New Zealand and the UK, where over 90% of abortions are authorized on the grounds that the pregnancy poses a serious threat to the woman’s mental health. This research indicates than in many cases the opposite may be true: that terminating the pregnancy is in fact the riskier choice for the woman’s mental health.

Professor David Fergusson, John Horwood and Dr Joseph Boden, studied the pregnancy and mental health history of over 500 women, who have taken part in the long-running study from birth to the age of 30.

The researchers took into account factors which might be associated with increased risks of abortion and/or mental illness, including childhood environmental factors, adolescent and parental adjustment, individual characteristics, and achievement in school.

This newest study backs up other research which concludes that having an abortion may be associated with increased risk of mental health problems. An article recently published in the Journal of Psychiatric Research, summarizing a survey headed by Prof. Priscilla K. Coleman of Bowling Green State University, concluded that abortion could be blamed for an increase of various anxiety, mood, and substance abuse disorders.

In August, a study of 768 women by the University of Oslo in Norway also determined that abortion specifically puts women at higher risk for mental health disorders.

The University of Otago, Christchurch, previously the Christchurch School of Medicine, is part of one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the southern hemisphere, boasting New Zealand’s highest average research quality.

“This study is part of a growing body of research which challenges the current popular misconception that abortion carries no risks to the health and wellbeing of women,” said Family Life International NZ spokesman Brendan Malone.

Malone also emphasized that the rigorous methodology of the study pinpointed abortion, and not contingent factors, as specifically causing the increased mental illness – avoiding a common criticism from abortion advocates against similar studies.

See full report here: http://bjp.rcpsych.org/cgi/content/abstract/193/6/444

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Study Confirms Abortion Increases Risk of Depression

By Tim Waggoner

OSLO, Norway, August 7, 2008 (LifeSiteNews.com) – A 2008 study by the University of Oslo in Norway has found that young adult women who have had abortions are more likely to become depressed.

The study, which involved 768 women between the ages of 15 and 27, was carried out in order to “investigate whether induced abortion was a risk factor for subsequent depression.”

According to Willy Pedersen from the University’s Department of Sociology and Human Geography, who conducted the study, past studies have suffered in accuracy due to bad design, specifically a lack of control of “compounding factors.”

The new study strove to prevent this problem by creating a comprehensive list of factors to question women on, including, “depression, induced abortion and childbirth, as well as sociodemographic variables, family relationships and a number of individual characteristics, such as schooling and occupational history and conduct problems.”

Women in the sample who had abortions while in their twenties were “more likely to score above the cut-off point for depression,” and although the likelihood was reduced when the compounding factors were accounted for, their propensity to become depressed “remained significant.”

The study concluded that, “Young adult women who undergo induced abortion may be at increased risk for subsequent depression.”

See full report here:

http://sjp.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/36/4/424

Source:

http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2008/aug/08080704.html 

Reprinted from LifeSiteNews http://www.lifesitenews.com

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Abortion Linked to Disproportionately High Rate of Black Premature Births

By Kathleen Gilbert

TUCSON, Arizona, December 2, 2008 (LifeSiteNews.com) – A report published by the Association of American Physicians and Surgeons links the disproportionately high rate of preterm births (PTB) among black babies to the high rate of abortion among the black minority.

The article, written by Dr. Brent Rooney et. al., notes that since PTB “has a serious adverse effect on children’s health, with a disparate impact on black children,” it is “crucial to discover the cause of the disparity.” Rooney is the research director of the Reduce Preterm Risk Coalition.
The report notes that black American women are at three times higher risk for giving birth prematurely, and four times higher risk for giving birth extremely prematurely. Infants born extremely premature suffer a 129 times higher risk of cerebral palsy than infants born full-term. PTB also increases risk of mental retardation, autism, epilepsy, visual impairment, hearing disability, gastrointestinal injury, respiratory distress, and severe infections.

Six studies were cited to show consistent evidence that women who had undergone induced abortions displayed a significantly increased risk of PTB. As the abortion rate in the black community is 4.3 times that of non-blacks – nearly one out of every two black American children is killed in utero – abortion was pinpointed as the likely cause for PTB.

Other confounding factors, including maternal age, parity, history of PTB, were excluded in the control methods of the report’s cited studies. Rooney noted that PTB rates in Poland dropped drastically after abortion was banned.

The article cites prominent abortion advocate Malcolm Potts, who conceded in 1967 that, “There seems little doubt that there is a true relationship between the high incidence of therapeutic abortion and prematurity.”

Accordingly, Rooney concludes that because of a failure to test the procedure on animals or small human trials prior to widespread use, vacuum aspiration, or “suction” abortions violate the Nuremberg Code of ethics. The code, which was implemented in reaction to Nazi human experimentation, requires the safe validation of a medical procedure before being made available to the public.
“Millions of women have been subjected, without safety testing, to a procedure for which there is substantial evidence of serious health risks both to women and their future offspring,” concludes the article. At the very least, it says, the risks “need to be explicitly included in consent forms.”

The report was co-authored by Dr. Bryan Calhoun of West Virginia University, and Lisa Roche, president of the Women’s Investigative Network.

African-American pro-life leaders have frequently expressed outrage that Planned Parenthood has concentrated abortion clinics in black communities, facilitating the deaths of approximately 15 million African-American children. Planned Parenthood, America’s largest abortion provider, was founded by eugenicist Margaret Sanger, who explicitly pursued the subjugation of blacks and other poor ethnic groups.

To view the article, go to: http://www.jpands.org/vol13no4/rooney.pdf

See related LifeSiteNews.com articles:

New Study Claims Abortion Rate Has Dropped: Minority Rate Still Disproportionately High
http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2008/sep/08092308.html

Abortion Increases Women’s Mental Health Problems: New Study
http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2008/dec/08120102.html

One Quarter of Black Population Missing from Abortion Genocide Says Dr. Alveda King
http://www.lifesitenews.com/ldn/2007/aug/07082406.html

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The Abortion-Suicide Link

A conspiracy of silence seems to surround the well-documented excess of suicide deaths among women with a history of abortion.

One study, STAKES, the statistical analysis unit of Finland’s National Research and Development Center for Welfare and Health, pulled the death certificate records for all the women of reproductive age who died between 1987 and 1994. They then searched the national health care data base to identify pregnancy-related events for each of these women in the 12 months prior to their deaths. They found that after abortion, women were found to be seven times more likely to die by their own hand than were women who gave birth. Birth seemed to offer a protective period, since this was the only pregnancy outcome that showed a lower suicide risk than the general population in the year following the end of pregnancy.

In terms of suicide rates per 100,000 women, there is a general rate of suicide for women of childbearing years of 11.3 per 100,000. Among women who have had an abortion the suicide rate is 34.7 per 100,000. Women in that age group who have given birth have a suicide rate of 5.9 per 100,000.

After the STAKES findings were published, researchers at the South Glamorgan Health Authority in Great Britain to examine their own data on admissions for suicide attempts both before and after pregnancy events. After their pregnancies, there were 8.1 suicide attempts per thousand women among those who had abortions, compared to only 1.9 suicide attempts among those who gave birth.

Other Evidence

Dr. Barry Garfinkel, head of the University of Minnesota’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Department, surveyed teenagers to determine what factors contributed to depression, stress, and thoughts of suicide. The study found that girls who had abortions were four times as likely to attempt suicide as girls who had not aborted.
(“Suicide More Likely Among Aborted Teens” National Right to Life News 4 Apr. 2, 1987)

Dr. Carl L. Tishler found that post-abortion teenagers are more likely to commit suicide on or near the anniversary of their abortions than at any other time.
(Carl L. Tishler, Ph.D., Adolescent Suicide Attempts Following Elective Abortion: A Special Case of Anniversary Reaction Pediatrics 670-671 Nov 1981)

David Reardon’s survey of post-abortion women revealed the following:

In response to the question:

After my abortion I experienced suicidal feelings:

12.3% Strongly Disagree – No suicidal feeling
22.25% Disagree
9.4% Neither Agree Nor Disagree
24.2% Agree
31.6% Strongly Agree

Meaning that 55.8% of respondents (over half) reported feeling suicidal after an abortion.

Researchers have identified factors that make a woman higher-risk for adverse psychological reactions to abortion:

* emotionally immature teenagers
* women with previous psychiatric problems
* women aborting a wanted pregnancy for medical or genetic reasons
* women who encounter opposition from their partner or parents for their abortion decision
* women who have strong philosophical or religious objections to abortion
* women who are highly ambivalent or confused about their abortion decision, and/or had great difficulty making the decision
* women who are coerced by others into having an abortion
* women undergoing late, second-trimester abortions

The risk factors for poor adjustment after abortion are well known. It’s about time abortion facilities started taking a holistic approach to their patients’ well-being instead of just treating them as reproductive tracts that need to be emptied.

The previous by Christina Dunigan

I would like to add:

A study of more than 173,000 American women who had abortions or carried to term found that, during the eight years after the pregnancy ended, women who aborted had a 154% higher risk of suicide than women who carried to term
(DC Reardon et. al., “Deaths Associated With Pregnancy Outcome: A Record Linkage Study of Low Income Women,” Southern Medical Journal 95(8):834-41, Aug. 2002.)

and:

Teen girls are 10 times more likely to attempt suicide if they have had an abortion in the last six months than girls who have not had an abortion, and 2-4 times more likely to commit suicide after abortion compared to adult women
(B. Garfinkel, et al., “Stress, Depression and Suicide: A Study of Adolescents in Minnesota,” Responding to High Risk Youth (University of Minnesota: Minnesota Extension Service, 1986); M. Gissler, et. al., “Suicides After Pregnancy in Finland: 1987-94: register linkage study,” British Medical Journal, 313: 1431-1434, 1996; and N. Campbell, et. al., “Abortion in Adolescence,” Adolescence, 23:813-823, 1988.)

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